September 11, 2003

The Ariane serie at a glance

From Ariane 1 to Ariane 5

LauncherAriane 1Ariane 2Ariane 3Ariane 4Ariane 5
Launch mass210 t219 t234 t243 to 480 t750 to 780 t
Geostationary transfer orbit lift capacity1.75 t2.20 t2.60 t2 to 4.8 t6.9 to 10 t
Thrust*250 t270 t270 t270 to 540 t1 200 to 1 300 t
Height47.4 m49 m49 m59 m47 to 57 m
Launches1161111649 **
Design lifetime1981/19861986/19891984/19891988/20031996/...

* Thrust is measured in kilo-newtons (kN) but is commonly expressed in tonnes. To interpret the value of a force expressed in kN, divide it by ten to obtain a figure roughly corresponding to the mass (in tonnes) that the force can lift.
** Figures on 1st January, 2010

About Ariane 5

LauncherAriane 5 G Ariane 5 G+ Ariane 5 GS Ariane 5 ECA Ariane ES ATV 
HeightUp to 52 mUp to 52 mUp to 47 mUp to 52 mUp to 53 m
Launch mass746 t746 t750 t780 t775 t
Satellite mass for simple launch6,9 t (GTO1)6,9 t (GTO1)6,5 t (GTO1)10 t (GTO1)Up to 21 t (on low-Earth orbit at a 300 km altitude)
Satellite mass for dual launch5,9 t (GTO1)-6 t (GTO1)9,4 t (GTO1)-
EngineVulcainVulcainVulcainVulcain 2Vulcain 2
Upper stageStorable Propellant stage (EPS) with Aestus engine Storable Propellant stage (EPS) with Aestus engineStorable Propellant stage (EPS) with Aestus engineCryogenic upper stage ESC-A with HM-7B engineStorable Propellant stage (EPS) with Aestus engine
Other changes-Improvement of the Storable Propellant stage (EPS) performanceImprovement of the Storable Propellant stage (EPS) and EAP2 boosters performancesImprovement of the EAP2 boosters performancesChanges on the Vehicule Equipment Bay for the ATV
1er launch4 June 1996 (failed)2 March 200411 August 200511 December 2002 (failed)9 March 2008

* Figures on 1st January 2010
1 GTO : Geostationary Transfert Orbit
2 EAP : Etages d'Accélération à Poudre, solid booster stages

Ariane 5 ECA

Ariane 5 ECA key figures
Total launch mass780 t
Satellite mass9.4 t
Total propellant mass650 t
Main Vulcain engine thrust at lift-off116 t 
Thrust from the 2 solid rocket boosters1,370 t
Total height53 m

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