New approaches to Internet access.
Despite existing wired, fibre-optic or satellite technologies, two-thirds of the world’s population still lives in regions without an Internet connection. Google[x] team, in its effort to solve worldwide challenging problems, decided to launch Project Loon to try new approaches to Internet access.
The project is simple on paper: a fleet of balloons, carried by winds in the stratosphere, that can beam Internet access to remote and underserved areas down on Earth below.
The balloons would float some 18 to 20 kilometres above the Earth, higher than commercial airlines and weather, and powered by solar panels.
Using a two-way link, the signals would be transmitted up to the balloon from the ground and relayed to other balloons before being sent back down to the ground, where they would be picked up by outside antennas or LTE-enabled phones. The connection speed is fast enough to stream videos, and the balloons have already flown over 3 million km total.
"Collaborations like this bring down barriers"
CNES will contribute to ongoing balloon flight analysis and to the development of next-generation balloons.
CNES will receive assistance from Google to conduct Strateole-type long-duration balloon campaigns (see links below), similar to the Concordiasi project in 2011 but with a wider stratospheric coverage.
CNES President Jean-Yves Le Gall commented: “This project comes at just the right time as we seek ways to bring the Internet to underserved areas. It is a unique experience for CNES to work with a leading light of SiIicon Valley like Google. Collaborations like this bring down barriers and spawn new cross-disciplinary projects. We are proud to be providing our expertise while benefiting in return from the assistance of such a great global company.”
Mike Cassidy, Google Vice President in charge of Project Loon says: "Internet connectivity can improve lives, but more than 4 billion people still don’t have access today. No single solution can solve such a big, complex problem. That's why we're working with experts from all over the world, such as CNES, to invest in new technologies like Project Loon that can use the winds to provide internet to rural and remote places."